It's The Leadership Strategy That Matters
Let's face it. CEOs come and go. But leadership, if developed in a comprehensive way, endures.
In the last few years we've seen new CEO's at Yahoo, HP, Apple, and other prominent companies, and in each case we watch to see if the CEO can "pull it off."
Well, while the CEO is a very important person, our research shows that enduring business performance is really driven at much deeper levels: a focus on leadership strategy. Long term business performance comes from leadership culture and careful http://www.hockeypenguinsshop.com/evgeni_malkin_jersey.html and continuous development of leadership at all levels. It's not all about the CEO.
In this research we looked at hundreds of companies over the last few years and correlated their business performance to a variety of different people and talent practices.
After looking at many talent management practices (including the purchase of expensive software), we found that a company's level of maturity in their leadership development has a greater impact on their long term business performance than almost all else. And this impact transcends changes in the CEO.
Let me share some of these findings and best practices.
1. High Performing organizations directly link leadership strategy to business strategy.
Regardless of who the CEO may be, operational execution takes place at the mid level and supervisory level. When these individuals are well aligned, coached, and trained, the business thrives.
High performing companies understand this, and they build a leadership development program which uniquely trains, supports, and selects people who drive their business's strategy. By doing this, they build execution into the culture.
Fig 1: Leadership Linkage Model
A great example of this is UPS. UPS is a company which has outperformed other express companies for many years and it continues to transform itself from its origin as a horse and buggy delivery company. The company promotes from within and continues to promote a leadership culture of customer service, safety, and entrepreneurship. If the CEO were replaced, he or she would come into a company with a deep rooted leadership culture.
At times this culture needs to change. Replica Marc-Andre Fleury Jersey During my years at IBM the company went through a wrenching transformation as Lou Gerstner came in and changed the company from a "seller of solid technology" to a "deliverer of high value services." This meant bringing in many new leaders, building a consulting mindset, and driving a different type of innovation and creativity into the management team. (Xerox is going through this process today.)
While I'm sure Sam Palmisano had much to do with driving this forward, now the company has deep Replica Sidney Crosby Jersey roots of leadership from which to grow this base. And Ginny Rometti can build and evolve this leadership into the future.
2. High Performers develop leaders at all levels.
High performing companies understand that execution takes place at the grass roots level. It is the line managers, supervisors, and middle managers who make things happen. If the CEO doesn't push his or her leadership strategy down effectively, it wont take hold. In fact our research shows that the best companies develop leaders from the bottom up. Senior executives "serve" the needs of line leaders, like an inverse pyramid.
The "inverse pyramid" of leadership is one now widely used by many agile organizations. In our company we have a philosophy that "everyone is a leader" and each individual is given the responsibility to understand the business and make decisions which support the mission of the entire organization. Accenture calls this "stewardship" and they reinforce to managers that they must "leave work each day making Accenture a better organization."
Great article, but the basic question still remains: how do you create a culture continues to produce effective leaders over the long haul? David Marquet's just released book, Turn The Ship Around: How To Create Leadership At Every Level, answers exactly that question. Navy Captain David Marquet tells the tale of how he led the submarine USS Santa Fe to an unprecedented level of success by changing a few basic behaviors and suppressing his urge to take charge and constantly issue orders. The most powerful and enduring aspect of Marquet's approach is that his ship and crew continued to excel long after his departure, with a highly disproportionate number of his officers (10) going on to command their own submarines. Marquet certainly knows how to produce leaders and the strategies that worked so effectively on his submarine will certainly help any CEO leave a legacy of leadership.
There is no question that leadership must fit. the strategy. Having been in executive development and then GE corporate planner it was clear that there are several types of leaders and each type fits specific strategic needs. In 1993 I published Risktaker, Caretaker, Surgeon Undertaker the four faces of Strategic Leadership (Wiley) and used this in my consulting practice. It was very successful in helping to match the right leader for the right strategy. In the US today we have too many surgeons and not enough risktakers. In my most recent book The Secret to GE's Success. That, in a way, was the IBM story, ja? A great CEO can take over a company with little or no leadership development culture and turn it around in such a way that, by the time he or she leaves, the company will say "It's Not The CEO, It's The Leadership Strategy That Matters". Who was instrumental in establishing that leadership strategy in the first place? On the other hand, if that same company say, three years later, somehow got a CEO reminiscent of a Stalin, hockeypenguinsshop.com/marcandre_fleury_jersey.html then the same culture would disappear in very short order, would it not? I think it is neither the CEO, nor the strategy nor the culture, culture meaning the manifest expression of the true values of an organization. Is it not all three? A Middle East proverb says "I would rather have an army of sheep led by a lion than an army of lions led by a sheep", with which I partially agree. Best situation is to have an army of lions led by a lion king, so to speak. I suppose that sort of company might last a little longer.
I am Founder and Principal at Bersin by Deloitte, leading provider of research based membership programs in human resources (HR), talent and learning. Hundreds of the Global 2000 and Fortune 1000 use our proven people strategies to drive exceptional business results.
I've spent much of my career in technology, sales, marketing, and business leadership and I actively write about major global trends in leadership, management, HR and talent management technologies. I live in the San Francisco area, close enough to Silicon Valley to keep up with new technology and its impact on the business of talent.
Keywords: Leadership Strategy That Matters
Africa's wildlife in the raw
Think of an East African wilderness adventure, and Kenya and Tanzania often spring to mind. Ethiopia with its hidden cliff top monasteries, cross wielding priests and crumbling ruins is usually brushed off as a purely cultural destination. While it may not have the luxury safari lodges and Patrick Kane Jersey Big Five stakes of its southern neighbours, it also does not have the crowds. Wildlife viewing here is a raw experience; big on nature and short on flashy tours. And during October and November, Ethiopia is at its most lush.
Related article: The rhino wars of central KenyaBleeding heart baboons in Patrick Sharp Authentic Jersey the Simeon Mountains
Trekking in north Ethiopia Simeon Mountains National Park is a lesson in geologic beauty. The sharp pinnacles thrusting out of the deep ravines are doused in watercolour tints, as if you are standing inside a painting. Formed 40 million years ago by the violent fireworks and lava flow of volcanic eruptions, this mountain massif is home to some of Africa's most staggering scenery. But if deep gullies and spiky incisor like rocks are not impressive enough, the park also plays host to the cream of the country's endemic gelada baboon crop.
Around 50,000 gelada baboons (a species of monkey rather than a baboon) survive in the wild in Ethiopia's highlands, and large troops, usually around 100 strong, lollop across the grassy plateaus of the Simeon Mountains. If you approach quietly, it is possible to sit down with the troop as they feed on the plateau grass. The males, whose striking red chest patches give the species the nickname of bleeding heart baboon, also sport shaggy leonine manes, which lend a slightly ludicrous air of 1980s mullet haired rock singer to their swagger.
Downy haired, bug eyed baby monkeys peek out from behind their mothers' backs. The only sound is a quiet tearing and plucking as the troop mows the patch of grassy land. The tranquil scene is finally broken by the roar of the head male who, with a toss of his lustrous mane and surprising show of speed, suddenly mounts a charge at another male. Park entry fees are 90 Ethiopian Birr per day and treks are organised on arrival in Debark, where armed park rangers (compulsory), guides, cooks and mule handlers can be hired.
Ethiopian www.hockeyblackhawksshop.com/marian_hossa_jersey.html wolves in the Bale Mountains
The Ethiopian wolf Africa's most endangered carnivore is thought to number less than 500, but sightings of the canid amid the sprawling Bale Mountains raw and rugged landscape are nearly guaranteed.
Whether trekking or horse riding through the park, keep your eyes peeled for the animal's distinctive russet red coat on the Sanetti Plateau. This surreally stark and rock pitted tableland is punctuated by bizarre, spiky fronded giant lobelia plants, which glower over the landscape, adding to the otherworldly atmosphere. It is also common to see mountain nyala and spotted hyenas, as well as Lammergeyer (bearded vultures), tawny eagles and augur buzzards regularly swooping over the plateau, training their beady eyes on the scampering rodents.
Although searching for the Ethiopian wolf is the prime reason to visit, try to squeeze in an extra day to visit the park's lower altitude Harenna Forest. This is Ethiopia's largest cloud forest and the dense canopy of massive trees, branches dripping in epiphytes, is a wondrously spooky sight. Entry fees are hockeyblackhawksshop.com/patrick_kane_jersey.html 90 Birr per day.
Elephant tracking in Babille
Far out in Ethiopia east, the Babille Elephant Sanctuary stretches across a rambling landscape of dense scrub and forest. Home to the country's most successfully growing elephant population, park officials believe that approximately 400 elephants (an indigenous subspecies of the African elephant) live in the 7,000sqkm park.
Accompanied by a guide, set out on foot to track down the herd, hiking through territory thick with thorn trees, spiky brambles and cacti; the odd prickle and scratch is worth it. Getting close up to a grazing herd this way, rather than viewing them from the comfortable confines of a jeep, is an experience not to be missed.
Keywords: Africa's wildlife in the raw
Within Act V we see the trueness of a tragedy shine through. The end is of course tragic, but still throughout the Act there are interesting changes that occur. In the beginning of the Act when Hamlet visits the gravediggers digging Ophelia grave he speaks to one of the gravediggers. In this conversation Hamlet speaks about how Alexander the Great body could into dust; the dust is earth; and why of that loam (whereto he was converted) might they not stop a beer barrel (V, i, 221 225). This is similar to Hamlets famous soliloquy be or not to be Here he speaks of how during life you can be great but after life you are just one with the Earth. I believe this makes Hamlet realize that he is not as afraid of life after death as before. Hamlet sees that Ophelia is now dead too and after seeing Laertes express such hate towards Hamlet, he knows that he will not live for much longer.
Hamlet love for Ophelia is truly shown when he jumps out and speaks about his love for her. This makes me like Hamlet once more, because throughout the play I have liked Hamlet but this makes me think he is sane again and has the capability to love. Even when Hamlet says of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, are not near my conscience; their defeat does by their own insinuation grow, I believe he is still a good man (V, ii, 58 59). Because Rosencrantz and Guildenstern really did get what they deserved. They went behind Duncan Keith Authentic Jersey Hamlet back and should have obviously known that the King was trying to kill Hamlet, therefore their punishment was just.
Horatio, being a good, honest, and intelligent man throughout the play, listens to Hamlet when he speaks of the crimes the King has committed. When Osric is telling Hamlet of the King bet with Laertes, both Horatio and Hamlet know what the outcome will be; Hamlet death. I believe both accept it too, although Horatio warns Hamlet of it.
The fencing fight between Laertes and Hamlet once again makes Hamlet look like a good man. Before it begins Hamlet says good words to Laertes, while Laertes remains angry. http://www.hockeyblackhawksshop.com/duncan_keith_jersey.html Laertes poisons Hamlet, and because of his wrong doing, he is poisoned with the same sword by Hamlet. This sense of karma is seen too when the King tries to poison Hamlet and kills the Queen instead. However, the public is there to see the Kings wrongdoing and so when Hamlet kills the King it is just. Hamlet truly has committed his revenge and so when he dies it is not as tragic because he has done what he born to set right. So, when Fortinbras takes over and has the last word to they play, it is a accomplishment for him too. All have done what they set out to do and so even though Hamlet is a tragedy, in a sense it has a ending.
Act IV is the first Act of falling action. Within the Act we see the after effects of Polonious being killed. One of the biggest reactions to his death is that of Ophelia. She becomes crazed because of her father murder. This madness is taken to heart by all around. Laertes, King Claudius and the Queen are all worried about her. This contrasts to every one reaction to Hamlet madness. King Claudius sends Hamlet off to be killed because of his madness, while everyone is distraught when Ophelia kills herself from ecstasy and grievance. This one contrast provokes questions within the play. It makes one believe that King Claudius truly does know that Hamlet is trying to pursue revenge.
Another part of Act IV that raises questions is when Laertes is trying to become King. This questions King Claudius rule and questions whether or not the government is stable. The government itself has gone The King is illegally in power and is doing things that are not right. The themes of sickness/disease and imbalance also come into play here. We see Horatio statement from Act I, bodes some strange eruption to our state (I, i, 69) become true. The certainly has erupted every character, excluding King Claudius, has changed from the beginning of the play. Laeretes, who was once renowned in Denmark, comes back to start a riot and try to gain the throne. Ophelia, who used to be frightened by Hamlet madness has herself become mad and killed herself. Hamlet is growing more crazed and Queen Gertrude feels imbalanced on what to believe. The only character that has not changed, as previously stated, is King Claudius. Immediately from Act I we knew that he was and had murdered his brother to be king. In Act IV he just furthers this image of himself by sending Hamlet away to England to be killed. This family truly has some problems with their relationships. Hamlet even refers to Claudius as his mother (IV, iii, 50). This calls into question once again, Hamlet sanity as well as raises awareness to the dysfunctional family. Act IV portrays each of the themes fully while including the falling action of the play, and leads into more falling action within Act V.
In Act III I am proud of Hamlet. Although some may say Hamlet is with ecstasy in this Act, i believe he is doing what he rightfully should do (III, i, 164). He begins to take revenge on King Claudius by making him watch the play. Claudius reaction to the play proves that he must be punished for his act of murder. I believe in Hamlet seeking this revenge even though people condemn him for this. Perhaps if his friends, Ophelia, and mother truly knew about King Claudius they would feel more sympathy towards him and help him in his revenge. Instead of listening to Hamlet though, they all listen to King Claudius. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern agree to take Hamlet to England. Ophelia agrees to be used as bait for Hamlet and the Queen agrees to talk to Hamlet for Claudius. Hamlet is smart about all of these encounters though. He knows that his friends taking him to England is some evil mission made by Claudius because he says he trust [Rosencrantz and Guildenstern] as I will adders fanged (III, iii, 204). Hamlet also puts on a show for Ophelia saying that he does not love her anymore. In his madness there is a method to it. Hamlet does not get confused with his goal to pursue his revenge and kill King Claudius.
The other characters besides Hamlet are quite oblivious though. I think the King suspects that Hamlet knows something that he should but I don think he is being very smart. After seeing the play, if I were Claudius I would immediately plot to kill Hamlet. Knowing that I had already killed King Hamlet it would not be a hard task. Claudius however does not take the initiative. He simply talks with Rosencrantz, Guildenstern, Polonius and the Queen about sending Hamlet to England.
I was confused http://www.hockeyblackhawksshop.com/jonathan_toews_jersey.html about the section where the Queen and Hamlet converse. It was difficult to tell, near the end of their conversation when Hamlet is advising the Queen to refuse Claudius love, whether the Queen was taking his advice or just pretending to. I half think that the Queen is putting on an act because she observes his madness when it seems Hamlet is talking to no one when he is actually speaking to the ghost. Her act that she put on made me question whether the ghost was real or not also. These questions of mine may be answered in the fourth Act, but already we see the theme of Acting being portrayed here.
Act II is when we see Hamlet madness truly emerge. There are numerous accounts and references to this throughout Act II. We first see his madness being shown by Ophelia. As Ophelia recounts her encounter with Hamlet, she describes him as look so piteous in purport as if he had been loosed out of hell to speak of horrors comes before me (II, i, 82 84). Ophelia encounter with Hamlet validates his madness. Ophelia intimately knows Hamlet, so if she observes his insanity then he truly must be mad. The point in the two some encounter when Hamlet looks into Ophelia eyes could be Hamlet crying out for help. Hamlet, knowing fully that he cannot divulge his premonition, acts out of madness instead of telling Ophelia.
The King and Queen have also noticed Hamlet change. This provokes them to send for Hamlet school friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, to observe Hamlet, which creates yet another problem. If I were Hamlet friends I would want to come and visit Hamlet regardless of his condition. However, although Rosencrantz and Guildenstern may have good intentions, their purpose in Elsinore does not seem genuine. When the King is speaking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Guildenstern reassures the King, both obey, and here give up ourselves, in the full bent to lay our service freely at your feet, to be commanded (II, ii, 29 32). If I were Guildenstern I would not have said that. That statement makes it seem like the two friends are going to spy on Hamlet, and it seems like they are more on King Claudius side than Hamlet As a friend of Hamlet I would not allow this to happen. I would go to see Hamlet before speaking to the King about him behind his back. I would speak to Hamlet directly about his problem and recent changes rather than the King. Hamlet realizes this unfaithfulness later in scene ii when he meets up with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. They try and assure him that they are only in Elsinore visit you, my lord; no other occasion (II, ii, 279). Hamlet sees the truth because he asks once more, you not sent for? (II, ii, 282). This is only intensifies Hamlet madness for now he knows people are trying to help him.
Another aspect of Hamlet madness in Act II is his inner turmoil. This is most plainly seen with his soliloquy at the end of scene ii after he sees the first player recite a scene from a play. Within his soliloquy he describes himself as a and peasant slave (II, ii, 564). Hamlet uses the word slave to perhaps mean he is a slave to his father ghost he has seen. Shakespeare uses this soliloquy to have Hamlet describe the anguish that is caused by his knowledge of his father murder. If I were Hamlet I do not believe i could hold in that anguish. Because Hamlet does not speak of it, his reaction is madness. Hamlet cannot describe or put in words his passion. He thinks himself a coward because of this. I would not go so far as to call him a coward though. This madness has to be expected from the experiences with the ghost that Hamlet has endured. However, through all of this, Hamlet still views everything as pestilent congregation of vapors rather than things with golden fire (II, ii, 122 114).
Act I was frightening at times, surprising at others and enjoyable throughout. So far, I seem to connect with Hamlet the most. He seems sensible and his reactions to events seem like how I would react. His mourning of his father seems natural. Claudius, his power thirsty uncle, finds it odd and questions him about it, is it that the clouds still hang on you? (I, ii, 66). This, along with the talk with Hamlet that Claudius follows this question with, demonstrates Claudius personality. He is greedy and as Hamlet says, little more than kin, and less than kind (I, ii, 65). Hamlet is right in thinking that Claudius is not a faithful member of his family, for he later learns from his father ghost that Claudius murdered his father, King Hamlet.
The encounter Hamlet has with his father ghost is frightening, but revealing. The ghost informs Hamlet of his strange and unnatural [murder] (I, v, 28). Hamlet, in response to his talk with the ghost, becomes enraged and somewhat confused. When Marcellus and Horatio find Hamlet, he is muttering words that do not make sense. I believe this is foreshadowing Hamlet later craze, for the ghost told him thou to revenge, when thou shalt hear (I, v, 8). I too believe that this will not be his only encounter with the ghost. We now know much about each character personalities and we can predict the future of the play.
This poem embodies Philip Levine subject matter and also his style. A numerous amount of Levine poems such as, is Work and Feed They Lions, deal with work in Detriot, Michigan during the Great Depression. Seeing hockeyblackhawksshop.com/jonathan_toews_jersey.html as we are in another economic downturn today, I chose to use that subject and write about all the workers being laid off today. Philip Levine strove to write and give a voice to all the workers who could not voice their difficulties. Therefore, in End I chose to use to demonstrate the feelings that the workers today might be feeling. Levine utilizes in a lot of his poems to also make the reader feel those same emotions. I also wrote this poem in the same format as much of Philip Levine poems; in a long story line with short lines and one stanza. I hope that this poem mimics Levine poems in an honorary way because he truly is an influential contemporary poet, and I enjoyed researching his work.
I personally really enjoyed blogging. I believe that it utilized the educational portion of the web and Using a blog over writing a paper taught me how many more sources on the web I could use. The comments were also fascinating. I made one comment on a poet blog and he commented back on his blog to me right away. It was intriguing that the various types of communication one could use for this project. I believe that blogging was also more flexible than writing a paper. Blogging was a lot less stressful than writing an entire research paper. I enjoyed this more too becuase I was blogging about something of interest to me. However, it was sometimes hard to find a blog that pertained to my poet, or what I was researching at the moment. With that said, I suggest that before starting the project, a way to find blogs or search blog sites is shown or demonstrated in class. Overall I enjoyed the blogging experience and recommend it for following years.
Levine truly began his serious writing when he was in Iowa in the the writing program. Levine, here, was taught by John Berryman and one of his classmates was Henri Coulette. These connections and close interactions made these two people great influences on his work. Berryman Levine, as well as Coulette, how to write poetry. Therefore it should come as no surprise that Coulette poetry is similar to Levine and that Berryman had an immense influence on Levine work.
Levine, when writing a Book Review for The New York Times Book Review in 1954, he writes of Berryman and his writing workshop,
was delighted with our curious efforts in the direction of free verse, on which he had some complex notions concerning structure and prosody. He even had the boldness to suggest that contemporary voices could achieve themselves in so unfashionable and dated a form as the Petrarchan sonnet. (Levine 1954)
This influenced Levine to not be afraid of being contemporary or new with his ideas. Levine, when writing for Berryman workshop, followed Berryman tips and comments. Levine was one of Berryman favourite poets in the class, therefore he got a lot of the feedback from Berryman on how to be better, or how to change his style. Levine stated in an interview, [Berryman] liked what I was doing more than he liked what they were doing [Berryman] liked the kind of variety of humor and seriousness, and also the anger of a working class person. I was sort of connected to his politics more than the other men [in the class/workshop]. (Levine This made Levine mold into a poet of whom Berryman praised and approved of. Berryman also discussed with Levine who his influences should be. The following is a conversation between Berryman and Levine during the workshop which was published in the same book review as before in The New York Times Book Review :
you have another favorite among your contemporaries? Levine: Thomas. Berryman: doesn show, Levine, it doesn show; you done a superb job of masking that particular debt. How have you managed that? Levine: didn I wrote through my Dylan Thomas phase and quit. It was impossible for me to write under his influence and not sound exactly like him except terrible. Berryman: you hit upon a truth. Certain poets are so much themselves they should not be imitated: they leave you no room to be yourself, and Thomas was surely one of them, as was Hart Crane, who probably ruined the careers of more young poets than anything except booze. Levine, you might go to the source of Dylan own lyrical mysticism [Blake]. (Levine 1954)
However, one must keep in mind that Henri Coulette was also in this class with Levine. Meaning that he got very much of the same influence of Berryman and his of the poets in the class. Therefore, when comparing Levine and Coulette poems, similarities are prevalent. Such as in Work Is by Levine and in of Things Future by Coulette, the pronoun is utilized in almost the same way to try and put the reader the poem and to feel what the poem/poet is wanting you to feel. The two poets also write in similar formats, short lines and long stanzas, with no apparent rhyme but a certain rythm.
Because of these similarities, background, and mutual understanding, Henri Coulette and Philip Levine became friends. Levine even states in an interview, made some friendships [in the workshop]. Mainly with Henri Coulette, who for some years became my best critic. Philip Levine. Therefore this causes even more influence between the two poets. This is because when Coulette critiques Levine poems Levine listens to Coulette critique and follows through with it. Ironic? I think yes.
Keywords: Within Act V we see the trueness
Mark Ainslie BE (Elec)(Hons)/BA (Japanese):Has been awarded the Japanese Government Research Scholarship for 2006. The Scholarship is awarded by the Japanese Government's Monbukagakusho (the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) to a small number of Australians each year, along with a number worldwide, who wish to study at Japanese universities under their scholarship program. Mark was also awarded a Dean's Certificate of Merit for Outstanding Academic Achievement in each year of his degree (2000 2004) and was awarded the Codan Prize for Best Performance in Advanced Electromagneticsin 2004.Dr Bill Griggs MBBS 1981:Named as the South Australian winner of the 2006 Australian of the Year award.Dr Ian Kneebone BA 1981, BA (Hons) 1982:Recently appointed a Visiting Senior Authentic Miguel Cabrera Jersey Fellow in the Department of Psychology at the University of Surrey, UK, where he contributes to teaching, research and scholarship. His clinical practice is in neurological and physical rehabilitation across West Surrey.David Letch BA 1985, BA (Hons) (Geography) 1987:Michelle Rast BA 1984, BA (Hons)(Geography) 1986:Received the Annual CoastCare Award in 2006. Their tireless commitment to protecting South Australia's coast has led to a number of initiatives, including the relocation of a controversial aquaculture proposal which could have had adverse impacts on the Australian Sea Lions in Sceale Bay, the declaration of the Nicolas Baudin Island Conservation Park of Cape Blanche, and the preparation of a management plan from Venus Bay to Streaky Bay through an Enviro Grant, plus coastal access tigersofficialauthentic.com/Authentic-Justin-Verlander-Jersey works in the area.Mark T O'Donnell BSc (Hons) 1988:Joined the partnership of Adelaide based Madderns Patent and Trade Mark Attorneys to lead the Life Sciences team. Mark returns to Adelaide after working in intellectual property for 18 years in the eastern states. This award honours Professor Findlay's outstanding contribution to reproduction and fertility research. He is the only Australian to have won this prestigious award.Claire Smith (nee Withey) BA 1974, BA (Hons) Psychology 1975:Received her doctoral degree on December 17, 2005, from George Fox University in Newberg, Oregon, USA. Her dissertation was in the field of applied linguistics. She has been teaching ESL and foreign languages in the USA for many years. She and her American husband have two teenage children.
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Start with the Ravens' inspirational, hardhitting leader, Ray Lewis. Add a talented secondary led by Ed Reed. And throw in a strong defensive line with Haloti Ngata leading the charge.
"They have a lot of playmakers at each level of the defense," Brady said Wednesday before the New England Patriots practiced. "It's not like you beat this team, 500. It's always a tight game. There's tight coverage. There's tight throws, tough reads because schematically they do quite a few things. So it's never easy."
He doesn't expect it to be in Sunday night's AFC championship game.
"You play against a team like this, that's able to adjust because of their personnel and because they do a lot of things schematically, there are a lot of 'what ifs' in preparation throughout the course of the week," he said. "That's really what we're trying to hone in on this week."
Brady is 52 in his seven games against the Ravens, not a bad record. But his personal statistics are among the poorest against any of the 31 teams he's faced in his 13year career.
His 58.6 completion percentage and 74.1 passer rating are the lowest against any opponent. The Ravens are the only team he's thrown more interceptions against (eight) than touchdowns (seven). They've sacked him 16 times, one of five teams averaging more than two a game against Brady.
In five games against the Patriots, Flacco is 23 but has completed 64.7 percent of his passes with a 95.7 passer rating. He's thrown for nine touchdowns and just four interceptions.
Brady's 49.1 rating in a 3314 playoff loss to Baltimore on Jan. 10, 2010 is his lowest in his last 101 games and sixth lowest in his 198 career starts, including the postseason."For one, you've got a guy (Lewis) that's been playing ball for 17 years sitting in the middle, so that tells you right there that their leadership is one of the best things that they have," Patriots running back Stevan Ridley said. "They're known for defense. They're known for Ray Lewis. They're known for Ed Reed.
"You're going to see some of the greats going at it (Sunday night). What else could you ask for. This is what you live for. This is playoff football."
Some quarterbacks say they establish their legacy with their postseason cheap nfl jerseys play.
Brady, winner of two regularseason MVP awards and two more in Super Bowls, has no time to dwell on that now.
"I don't really think about any of that," he said. "I'm cheap nfl jerseys just trying to win a football game this week. I think we're very shortterm focused and playing against a great football team that obviously deserves the right to be here. We know how challenging of a team they are."
The Ravens know how good Brady can be even though he's struggled at times against them.
"We've got to play smart. We're dealing with a brilliant quarterback," safety Bernard Pollard said. "We have to understand . the pieces he has around him. He can fire that ball to anybody, and they're going to play their tails off for him."
The Patriots got off to a horrible start against the Ravens in their wildcard matchup three years ago and Brady was a major factor.
Ray Rice scored on an 83yard run on the game's first offensive play. Then Brady turned the ball over on three of his first four possessions, leading to 17 points and a 240 Ravens lead after one quarter.
They started at the Patriots 17yard line after Terrell Suggs recovered Brady's fumble, the 25 after Chris Carr intercepted a pass and the 9 after Reed picked off another one.
Six minutes into the game with the Patriots trailing 140, the fans booed their hometown team.
"I'd have been booing us, too, the way we played," Brady said after the game. "Playing the way we played today, we weren't going to beat anybody."
He next played against Baltimore in last year's AFC championship game. The Patriots won that 2320, Wholesale NFL Jerseys but Brady threw two interceptions and no touchdowns, had a 57.5 passer rating and helped keep the Ravens in the game.
The Patriots took that threepoint lead when Brady capped a 63yard drive with a 1yard run on the first series of the fourth quarter. But their next two drives ended when he threw an interception then couldn't get a first down when the Patriots got the ball with 2:46 remaining.
They punted and Flacco led the Ravens from their 21 to a secondand1 at the Patriots 14. But then he threw two incompletions, the first when Lee Evans was stripped of the ball in the end zone, and Billy Cundiff missed a 32yard field goal attempt on the next to last play.
In their most recent meeting, the Patriots led 3021 on Sept. 23 in the fourth quarter but punted on their last two possessions. The Ravens then scored 10 points in the last 4:01 and won 3130 on Justin Tucker's 27yard field goal on the final play.
Keywords: Start with the Ravens' inspirational