Prior to the establishment of the Saudi Monetary Agency, the Saudi Hollandi Bank, a branch of the Netherlands Trading Society acted as a de facto central bank, keeping the Kingdom's gold reserves and receiving oil revenues on behalf of the Saudi Arabian government. In 1928 it assisted in the establishment of the Saudi Riyal, a new silver coin commissioned by King Abdulaziz which became the Kingdom's first independent currency. The Saudi Hollandia Bank handed over its responsibilities to the SAMA when it was established and became a model for other foreign banks in the kingdom.Abdallah Sulaiman was a Najdi of humble background www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-stephen-tulloch-jersey-c-27.html who worked his way up from clerk to the first Saudi minister of finance and close confidant of King Abdulaziz. Sulaiman surprisingly involved in probably the most significant attempt at administrative rationalization in the 1950s: the creation of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA).In the early 1950s monetary chaos reigned in Saudi Arabia. consultants into the kingdom. adviser Arthur Young managed to convince Sulaiman and the king of the need for basic monetary and banking regulation. Young was mandated by the king to draw up a charter for what was to become SAMA within a few hours. SAMA derived its income by charging the government for its services. Its first head was also an American, and accountants were hired from Lebanon. King Abdulaziz and Sulaiman had been convinced of the existential need for institution building in this strategic sector. SAMA's charter and use of expatriate technocrats bolstered the relative independence of the body. After the Ministry of Finance temporarily sidelined SAMA, in 1957 the governorship was taken over by another expatriate, AnwarAli, who had come to the country with an International Monetary Fund mission and who held the post as a confidant of King Faisal until his death, in 1974. Different from other "fiefdom ministries," SAMA's wellpaid leadership used relative autonomy and Abdulaziz's and Faisal's clear reform mandates to become one of the best central banks in the Middle East.At the time of its establishment, Saudi Arabia did not have a monetary system of its own. Foreign currencies were used as a medium of exchange, along with Saudi silver coins. Saudi bank notes had not yet been www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-brandon-pettigrew-jersey-c-22.html issued. Banking was conducted by foreign bank branches. Therefore, the first task of the SAMA was to develop a Saudi currency. The SAMA also paid attention to the need for promoting the growth of a national banking system. In March 1961, Saudi Arabia converted to the Saudi Riyal, in accordance with Article VIII of the Articles of Agreements of the International Monetary Fund. In the 1970s and early 1980s, the SAMA focused on controlling inflation as the economy boomed, expanding the banking system, and managing foreign exchange reserves.
The suspect was in custody and being treated for injuries sustained during an exchange of gunfire with police.At a press conference prior to the suspect being named, Patrick Gannon, Chief of Airport Police at LAX, said that an individual "pulled an assault rifle out of a bag and began to open fire in the terminal." Officials said that seven people were treated for injuries as a result of the incident.Gun Black Glover Quin Jersey on the groundA police officer stands over what appears to be a high powered rifle in Terminal 3 at LAX on Friday.Shuttled to safetyPassengers were shuttled away from Terminal 3, where eye witnesses said a shooter was firing shots with a highpowered rifle on Friday.Inside the terminalPolice assess the situation at LAX on Friday after a gunman allegedly fired shots near Terminal 3 with an assault rifle.LAX ShootingAn aerial view of LAX which Joique Bell Pink Jersey was shut down Friday over reports of gunfire coming from Terminal 3 and at least one gunman.Traffic stopsTraffic is backed up on a Los Angeles highway after LAX was shut down Friday over reports of gunfire coming from Terminal 3 and at least one gunman.Outside the terminalOutside Terminal 3 at LAX, police cars go rushing by to the scene of gunshots, where at least one gunman has been reported firing shots.Outisde Terminal 3Onlookers wonder how guns got past security as LAX remains on lockdown following reports of a gunman shooting a highpowered rifle near Terminal 3.Getting to safetyThose at LAX waiting to board planes are shown being driven to a safer location as reports of a gunman firing a highpowered rifle near Terminal 3 paralyzed the usually bustling airport on Friday.Emergency crewsEmergency crews surround LAX as the airport shut down after reports of a gunman firing rounds from a highpowered rifle on Friday. members surround the roofs of nearby buildings as reports of a gunman near Terminal 3 at LAX firing shots from a highpowered rifle paralyzed the airport.LAX OfficerAn LAX officer on the scene near Terminal 3, where a gunman opened fire with a highpowered rifle, paralyzing the usually bustling airport on Friday.No one in, no one outTraffic comes to a standstill in Los Angeles after LAX was shut down following reports of a gunman shooting a high powered rifle.Triage team sets upFrom CNN's Danielle Dellorto: Shooting at LAX. Triage team setting up. Red = critical. Yellow = stable/needs treatment. Green = walking wounded.Overview: flights groundedA picture of a current live feed of air traffic shows a normally bustling LAX shut down with suspended air travel as planes stay grounded and others in the air go to a different airport.Detail: flights groundedA picture of a current live feed of air traffic shows a normally bustling LAX shut down with suspended air travel as planes stay grounded and others in the air go to a different airport.
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A gunman walked into LAX this morning, pulled an assault rifle out of his bag, and opened fire, killing a Transportation Security Administration agent and wounding several others at the airport.
He moved through a TSA screening area and into an airport terminal, where he continued firing shots. Chief of Airport Police Patrick Gannon said in a press conference that several other people were injured in the shooting, including another TSA employee.
He confirmed that multiple people were transported to the hospital, and that the scene is safe. Fox News reports that the suspect is connected in some way to TSA.
"After the initial burst of gunfire and hiding, people started jumping over one another, jumping off chairs, pushing Authentic Larry Warford Jersey each other," Fox Sports reporter Bill Reiter said on Twitter. "Chaos fear."
Live aerial footage of the scene previously showed hundreds of evacuated passengers crowded in and around the terminal. Emergency crews appeared to be working with patients on stretchers, www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-larry-warford-jersey-c-39.html and police armed with weapons swarmed the area.
"I heard Israel Idonije Jersey Nike popping and everybody dropped to the ground," evacuated passenger Robert Perez told CBS.
Tory Belleci of Discovery Channel's Mythbusters show was on his way to Philadelphia when the shooting occurred.
"I was in Terminal 3 when we heard the shots," he told HuffPost Crime. "At first it didn't register. Then, everybody started panicking and running. We ran toward terminal, but the gate was locked. We were trapped. It felt like an eternity . We heard the shots coming from the elevator. One person near me said the shooting happened in the common area.
"A person told me he saw the shooter coming up the escalator. He was [allegedly] a white man in a white shirt."
Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti said during a press conference that Terminals 4 through 8 are open and running at a slower pace. He urged those with afternoon flights out of LAX to reschedule, as the investigation is still ongoing.
Gun on the groundA police officer stands over what appears to be a high powered rifle in Terminal 3 at LAX on Friday.
Shuttled to safetyPassengers were shuttled away from Terminal 3, where eye witnesses said a shooter was firing shots with a highpowered rifle on Friday.
Inside the terminalPolice assess the situation at LAX on Friday after a www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-david-akers-jersey-c-18.html gunman allegedly fired shots near Terminal 3 with an assault rifle.
LAX ShootingAn aerial view of LAX which was shut down Friday over reports of gunfire coming from Terminal 3 and at least one gunman.
Traffic stopsTraffic is backed up on a Los Angeles highway after LAX was shut down Friday over reports of gunfire coming from Terminal 3 and at least one gunman.
Outside the terminalOutside Terminal 3 at LAX, police cars go rushing by to the scene of gunshots, where at least one gunman has been reported firing shots.
Outisde Terminal 3Onlookers wonder how guns got past security as LAX remains on lockdown following reports of a David Akers Jersey Womens gunman shooting a highpowered rifle near Terminal 3.
Getting to safetyThose at LAX waiting to board planes are shown being driven to a safer location as reports of a gunman firing a highpowered rifle near Terminal 3 paralyzed the usually bustling airport on Friday.
Emergency crewsEmergency crews surround LAX as the airport shut down after reports of a gunman firing rounds from a highpowered rifle on Friday. members surround the roofs of nearby buildings as reports of a gunman near Terminal 3 at LAX firing shots from a highpowered rifle paralyzed the airport.
LAX OfficerAn LAX officer on the scene near Terminal 3, where a gunman opened fire with a highpowered rifle, paralyzing the usually bustling airport on Friday.
No one in, no one outTraffic comes to a standstill in Los Angeles after LAX was shut down following reports of a gunman shooting a high powered rifle.
Triage team sets upFrom CNN's Danielle Dellorto: Shooting at LAX. Triage team setting up. Red = critical. Yellow = stable/needs treatment. Green = walking wounded.
Overview: flights groundedA picture of a current live feed of air traffic shows a normally bustling LAX shut down with suspended air travel as planes stay grounded and others in the air go to a different airport.
Detail: flights groundedA picture of a current live feed of air traffic shows a normally bustling LAX shut down with www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-israel-idonije-jersey-c-38.html suspended air travel as planes stay grounded and others in the air go to a different airport.
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Spring Grove Hospital Center, formerly known as www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-calvin-johnson-jersey-c-3.html Spring Grove State Hospital, is a www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-barry-sanders-jersey-c-1.html psychiatric hospital located in the Baltimore, Maryland suburb of Catonsville.
Founded in 1797, Spring Grove is the second oldest continuously operating psychiatric hospital in the United States. Today, the hospital operates 426 beds and has approximately 800 admissions and discharges a year. Service lines include adult and adolescent acute psychiatric admissions, long term inpatient care, medicalpsychiatric hospitalization, forensic evaluation services, inpatient psychiatric research, and assisted living services. Only the Eastern State Hospital which was founded in 1773 in Williamsburg, Virginia, is older. In its long history it has been variously known as The Baltimore Hospital, The Maryland Hospital, The Maryland Hospital for the Insane, and finally as The Spring Grove Hospital Center. The present site was purchased in 1852 by which time the original buildings had become inadequate. He chaired the committee that selected the Hospital's present site in Catonsville, and he personally contributed $1,000 towards the purchase of the land. Building was however delayed by the onset of the American Civil War, and was not completed until 1872. Steuart's building (known at various times as "The Main Building", "The Center Building" or "The Administration Building,") remained the main hospital facility for almost Calvin Johnson Jersey 100 years. It was eventually demolished in 1963, when it was replaced by lionsnflofficialonline.com more modern construction.
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One of the reasons I started my website is that I wanted a place for women to come together and dream. We women need to know that we don't have to hang on to an old dream that has stopped nurturing us that there is always time to start a new dream. This week's story is about a couple who loves chocolate almost as much as they love each other, which is a lot! Ashley and Shawn Mendel quit their day jobs and took a chance on starting their own chocolate company. Their risks paid off today, they're at the helm of a sweet multimilliondollar empire. The couple met in a movie theater, where Ashley's exuberance over a bag of M caused the colorful candies to explode all over the man seated in front of her. That was Shawn, and those M led to their first date and a love story that would be forever laced in chocolate.
"We even wrote chocolate into our wedding vows," Ashley laughed. "I promised to always have it within 50 feet of Shawn. And, yes, there were monogrammed M at our reception."
So when the couple began to grow weary of their jobs in the entertainment business, Ashley in marketing and Shawn in production, they decided to follow their entrepreneurial dreams a coproduction that included their shared passion for chocolate.
"The first time I went home with Shawn to meet his family," Ashley said, "he told me the story of how his Mom would put him up on the counter and have him break up homemade cookie bits. She'd melt chocolate and then create clusters which she'd put in the refrigerator. We'd make our own version of those at home and our friends loved them. There was really nothing out there that compared. So we decided to go to the source and made a deal. We wanted to bring Shawn's Mom's recipe to market and she was happy to give it to us with one condition that it would bring her grandchildren."
"We were in the throes of love, so we thought we could do anything. Had we known how much we didn't know, we probably would have been paralyzed with fear."
Article continues below slideshow
A Booming BusinessFunley's has gone from a small startup to a multimilliondollar company. The Mendels are projecting nearly 10 million dollars in revenue by the end of 2014!
Sweet CoupleChocolate is central to Ashley and Shawn's love story they met when Ashley's M exploded all over her future husband at the movies! Here they are "sugaring off" in Mont Tremblant, Canada in wholesale jerseys the early days.
Unique Wedding VowsThe Mendels love chocolate so much that they even wrote it into their wedding vows. Ashley promised to always have chocolate within a 50foot radius of her husband. Now that's true love!
Dream WeddingAshley and Shawn tied the knot in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. Of course, their wedding cake was chocolate.
A Wild RideAshley and Shawn got adventurous on their honeymoon in Bali.
Making SalesLucy, the couple's dog (and Funley's mascot), shows off a Funley's sales kit the night before Ashley and Shawn's very first sales meeting.
Funley's First HeadquartersFunley's had a modest beginning the Mendels set up a home office to get their business off the ground.
Getting Off The GroundShawn and Ashley show off their first production of Stix In The Mud, the first treat they pitched to buyers at a huge candy expo in Chicago.
Three Cheers For ChocolateShawn celebrates his birthday with a big slice of chocolate cake what else?
Chocolate On WheelsThe Funley's Mobile delivers sweet treats wherever it goes! Mascot Lucy says "hello" to chocolate lovers from the window.
Free SamplesAshley and Shawn drum up business by sharing Funley's at an LA Zoo event.
Taking On Trade ShowsAshley and Shawn give out free samples of their delicious products at the Expo West trade show. Who can resist?
Sold Out In MinutesStix In The Mud sold out in four minutes during their QVC debut! Shawn was a natural on TV.
Naturally DeliciousWholly Granolly Clusters straight out of the oven yum! This Wholesale NFL Jerseys natural treat was formulated with the goal of getting Funley's into Whole Foods. The plan worked! 11,000 other stores followed suit, and soon, Funley's was funded 3.5 million dollars by the Nutrition Capital Network.
The Funley's TeamFunley's creative crew is hard at work!
Supermarket StaplesAshley proudly points to Funley's on the shelf at Safeway. The Mendels' treats are also sold at major retailers like Whole Foods and Walgreens.
Nutrition Capital NetworkAshley presented at the Nutrition Capital Network, a gathering of highnetworth individuals and private equity firms with an interest in natural foods, to raise financing for Funley's.
Angel InvestorsShawn and Ashley had a proud moment after signing a term sheet with investors.
Blinded By LoveWhen the Mendels began their business, they were in the throes of love and believed they could do anything. If they had known what they know about business today, they would have been terrified!
Work Hard, Play HardThe Funley's crew takes a board meeting lunch break on the beach in Santa Monica, CA.
Following Through On Their PromiseThe Mendels told Shawn's mother that if she gave them her secret chocolate recipe, they would give her grandchildren. Now that Funley's is wildly successful, they can fulfill their promise!
But the couple did know one thing they knew they had a friend in the candy business and he was more than willing to point them in the right direction to a trade show in Chicago that featured 3.5 acres of sweet treats.
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