a new approach to the 'people in parks' Pat Tillman Jersey problem in Indonesia
BOGOR, Indonesia (30 January, 2013)_It a unique solution to a problem that is plaguing national parks all over Indonesia: instead of trying to evict local communities, who have long lived within the boundaries of these protected areas, carve out an where they can still make use of nuts, berries, medicinal plants and other nontimber products collected from the tropical forests.
Various local groups are making claims in Kutai National Park in East Kalimantan province based on historical rights of access, raising complex legal and governance issues and hampering conservation of an area that has already been subjected to logging, coal mining and oil exploration activities.
To reconcile the demands of the various local groups making claims on land within Kutai, a new CIFOR report presents a proposal put forth by a coalition of researchers, nongovernmental organizations and business representatives.
They advocate the need to strengthen policies that allow for the creation of use zones, areas where local communities would have the right to use forest resources, whilst at the same time abiding by regulations to maintain the park protected area status.
set of rules would need to be designed collaboratively with clearly defined rights and responsibilities, which would then be submitted and approved by the park administration, she added.
example, local people might be given the rights to live Footballcardinalsshop and make a living within the park with some restrictions to allow conservation. For this they might be given the rights to compensation for the constraints put on them. At the same time they have the responsibility to protect the core areas from encroachment, participate in monitoring and ensure conservation of endangered species When Kutai was designated as the country first national park in 1995, Bugis migrants from South Sulawesi were already settled in the area and claimed ownership of their land. Four years later, the provincial government (ignoring the park protected status) carved out 23,000 hectares from the park to accommodate them.
This encouraged the migration of other local communities into the park and was followed by the construction of a road, gas stations, bus terminals and communications http://www.footballcardinalsshop.com/ towers. In 2007, indigenous Dayak and Kutai people claimed of an additional 100 hectares of the park based on their historical rights of access to the land as indigenous people of Kalimantan.
question of which local group deserves recognition of their land claims proves to be a very tricky one, says the report.
it the Bugis, who settled in the area before the park was established, or the Dayak and Kutai, who applied customary rules of clearing forest despite knowing that it was a national park? While the sale of land in a national park is illegal under Indonesian law, the report notes many of the residents have sold parcels to people from the surrounding towns, further complicating the issue of land rights in this protected area and raising the question of what rights the buyers now have over the property.
Furthermore, local administrations have reportedly issued land ownership certificates that threaten to place plots in the hands of owners who may be willing to sell to coal mining or logging companies.
The specialuse zone is not only about recognising and protecting local rights but could also provide a mechanism Kurt Warner Throwback Jersey for seeking redress when rights are denied, said Moeliono.
However, a lot of work still needs to be done to create the legal basis from which a zoned area could be managed in order to deal with these grievances, she argues.
is working with the Ministry of Forestry to see what could be done to better integrate existing regulations on collaborative management and zoning. This new publication is part of the CGIAR program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry and was supported by the Ford Foundation. www.footballcardinalsshop.com/cardinals-kurt-warner-jersey-c-1.html
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