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The SA Country Fire Service is a volunteer based fire service in the state of South Australia in Australia. Many parts of Australia are sparsely populated whilst at the same time they are under significant risk of bushfire. Due to economics, it is prohibitively expensive for each Australian town or village to have a paid fire service (department). The compromise adopted is to have government funded equipment and training but volunteer firefighters to perform the duties of regular firefighters.
In South Australia, the name for the volunteer service is the CFS.
In the state capital Adelaide, a conventional paid service exists, called the SA Metropolitan Fire Service (SAMFS). A handful of large towns in South Australia also have retained 'Metro' or 'MFS' services, but the vast majority (over 430 communities) rely on the CFS. Several Adelaide suburbs that retain extensive scrubland have CFS stations whose area of operation overlaps that of the SAMFS with joint training exercises sometimes organised for major community facilities such as the Flinders Medical Centre. For urban incidents, both services will often attend with the first arrival taking command.
The Country Fire Service is different to most fire services world wide, in that the fire appliances are painted white, rather than red. This has many benefits, especially in visibility on road, and in thick smoke, but also has the disadvantage that they are sometimes not perceived by the public as fire trucks. The day/night striping down the sides of appliances is either the old silver and red standard (as seen in most images on this page), or a newer red and gold chequering. The red and gold chequering provides much better visibility, particularly for crews working on roads. Some appliances are also trialling battenburg striping with bright chevrons on the rear of the appliances.
Fire fighters wear yellow protective clothing, with a twopiece set being the standard (Bunker pants, and turn out coat). With the introduction of PBI Gold (improved structural firefighting clothing), some CFS volunteers are now seen wearing yellow/brown coloured clothing. Most turn out coats have "CFS" or "FIRE" on the back in reflective writing. More modern jackets also have day/night striping around the sleeves and bottom of the jacket. Safety Vests are provided for work on the roads. these have "Fire", "Rescue", or "CFS" on both front and back in reflective writing.
In colonial times, the government attempted to control the outbreak of wildfires by legislating against the careless use of fire. This began with the 1847 ordinance against reckless burnoffs of stubble and grass. In 1913, district councils were given the right to appoint fire control officers given the power to do anything 'necessary or expedient and practicable' to prevent fires or to protect life and property.
As firefighting technology advanced during World War II, a governmentequipped volunteer Emergency Fire Service (EFS) brigade was established in Adelaide followed by additional brigades in some country areas. After the war, equipment from these brigades was lent to district councils for rural firefighting work. To supervise the program, an Emergency Fire Services division was formed as a division of the police department. This was achieved in 1976 with the passing of the Country Fires Act through the South Australian Government which retitled the EFS as the County Fire Service (CFS). The Country Fires Act, 1989 pulled the control of the CFS away from district councils to the State Government, allowing for the development of a standardised service able to respond quickly to emergencies across South Australia. In the late 1990s, as part of a drive to ensure that the CFS was properly equipped, another major change in funding was brought in, and the administration of the Service was combined with the administration of several other emergency services. Today, the Emergency Services Levy Funding provides for the training, equipment and administration resources required to maintain the operation of the Service, but the CFS still stands fundamentally on the commitment and energy of its volunteers.
In 2005 the South Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commission (SAFECOM) Act was passed in South Australian Parliament. This act brings the Country Fire Service (SACFS) Metropolitan Fire Service (SAMFS) and South Australian State Emergency Service (SASES) together under one administration board, and funding source. Vince Monterola, CEO of the Country Fire Service at the time, was appointed as the inaugural chairman. It is this Act that defines the Country Fire Service (CFS) as the South Australian Country Fire Service (SACFS). The SAFECOM Act of 2005 replaces the Country Fires Act of 1989, the South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service Act of 1936 and the State Emergency Service Act of 1987.
A "strike team" is a deployment of appliances out of their usual area of operation. A strike team is made up as an operational unit to simplify incident command and Wholesale Jerseys control. A strike team consists of 5 fire appliances and a leading command car. The most common configuration is 4 appliances and 1 Bulk water carrier. Strike teams generally have a purpose for example a campaign strike team (with a full range of appliances) or an Impact strike team which consists of 5 fire trucks, mostly small and manoeuvrable (14's or 24's). Typically Strike teams are sourced from a group, and are named after their group. Strike teams however can be composite made up from appliances from a number of groups. Strike teams are often deployed to regional areas for several days deployment. Often a strike team will be in charge of a particular sector of a fire.
Along a similar line task forces are groups of appliances that are mobilised to combat a particular incident out of their usual area of operation. However task forces are more flexible in their makeup and appliances are usually specifically selected for a particular incident. Where practical the 1 leader with 5 subordinates ratio is maintained for command ability. Task forces attend a wide range of incidents including flooding.
There are also regional strike teams. These strike teams are put together when there are high fire danger days coming up and the CFS does not want to stretch a group's resources. These regional strike teams Wholesale NFL Jerseys usually have one or two trucks from a few groups in that region. They sometimes have two or more commanding cars, plus a State Emergency Service vehicle for logistics.
Chain of command
The CFS chain of command is set out in the following way, with the top being the most senior in rank:
Chief Officer (Red helmet with a white stripe)
Deputy Chief Officer (Red helmet with a white stripe)
Assistant Chief Officer (Red helmet with a white stripe)
Commander / Regional Commander (Red helmet with a blue stripe)
Staff/Regional Officer (Red helmet with a blue stripe)
Group Officer (Red helmet)
Deputy Group Officer (Red helmet)
Brigade Captain (Yellow helmet with a red stripe) is the most senior rank in a brigade and he or she is responsible for the operational and administrative aspects of the brigade. The position is elected by members of the brigade. Some of the things that a Captain will do are: undertaking responsibility for the proper management and maintenance of brigade property and equipment, ensuring members of the brigade are properly trained, take command of incidents and ensure that the chain of command within the brigade operates effectively, assisting with bushfire prevention and planning within the brigade's response area, liaising with other captains in adjacent brigades and managing the operations of the brigade in accordance with any determination of the CFS board.
Brigade Lieutenant. (Yellow helmet) There must be at least two Lieutenants in a brigade and a maximum of four. They are elected to assist the captain in the performance of his or her functions, and take over in the absence of the Captain.
Senior Fire Fighter. (White helmet with a red stripe) Seniors are not officers as such, but assist the Captain and Lieutenants with mainly operational management. They should be experienced personnel within the brigade, and they provide an opportunity for brigades to establish a line of middle management or succession planning. Some people see the position of a Senior as a build up to becoming a Lieutenant.
Fire Fighter (White helmet) is the lowest rank of operational fire personnel, but they are the most important, because they make up the numbers. These firefighters can be trained just as much as a more highly ranked person but they do not usually take a leadership Cheap Jerseys role at an incident.
Cadet. (White helmet with "cadet" sticker) The age in which you can become a cadet is 11, but some brigades will set higher minimum ages for their members. At the age of 16 you are able to choose to become a firefighter, or stay on until you are 18 as a cadet. Cadets are taught skills which will help them when they become firefighters.
Auxiliary brigade member. (no helmet) They do not go out on the fire truck. They help out with any of the other jobs that need doing, including fundraising, preparing food, operating the station radio etc.
All positions from Cheap NFL Jerseys Group Officer down (inclusive) are voluntary and are elected democratically by firefighters (with the exception of cadets).
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6 Movies That Predicted Disasters With Eerie Accuracy
Do you remember how, after 9/11, people started digging up all sorts of movies, shows and photos that "predicted" the attacks (like the TV show that featured an almost identical terror plot a year ahead of time)? If you're one of the creators, you have to hate that your lighthearted bit of entertainment now just winds up reminding people of something awful that happened years later.
Especially when websites like this one keep bringing them up. We can't help it; this stuff is freaking creepy .
Famous crazy eyed screamer Bruce Lee starred in an action movie in 1978 called Game of Death, which wouldn't have been strange if Lee hadn't died five years earlier. The film was only partially shot when he died, so the filmmakers did their best to patch together what footage they already had into some semblance of a movie, even awkwardly shoehorning in footage of Bruce Lee's open casket funeral. And that, incredibly, is not the weirdest thing about this movie.
The weirdest thing is when he sits up and roundhouses the funeral director.
No, the most unnerving aspect isn't the shot of Lee's real corpse, or the two other Chinese actors they hired to fill in for Lee in the hopes that Western audiences would be too racist to notice the difference. It's this:
In the movie, Bruce Lee is playing an actor shooting a movie. There is a scene where a stunt goes wrong when a prop gun turns out to be loaded with a real bullet, shooting Lee's character.
What's so disturbing about that? Flash forward to 1993, when Bruce Lee's son, Brandon, was shooting The Crow. During a take when another actor is supposed to fire a gun at Brandon Lee, a bullet fragment that was jammed in the barrel dislodged and caught Kevin Pierre-Louis Jersey Brandon right in the gut. In other words, Brandon Lee died under exactly the same circumstances as Bruce Lee's character in the movie.
And not in a vat of toxic chemicals, as his face seems Kevin Norwood Jersey to suggest.
Now, there aren't many movies that feature a character getting shot on a film set by a prop gun loaded with real bullets, so the fact that Brandon Lee's father essentially played out his son's death 20 years before it happened, while working on the movie where he would die himself, is a coincidence so uncanny it that strays into "impossible" territory.
Conspiracy theorists have speculated on every aspect of this bizarre scenario, of which a family curse is the most rational, if that gives you any context for how out there they are (they quickly stray into Illuminati murders and ritualistic sacrifice). People prefer to believe in that than that simple bad luck could be this cruel.
Because somehow an Seahawks Justin Britt Jersey uncaring universe is more disturbing than an actively malevolent one.
5. Poltergeist Predicts the Exact Date of Its Star's Death
If you haven't seen Poltergeist, all you really need to know is that a family has to deal with angry ghosts after moving into a house built on top of an Indian burial ground. There are a lot of tense scenes where objects start moving on their own, a tree attacks a child and a little girl is sucked into one of those closet portals Realtors are always telling you to look out for before buying a house. But the creepiest moment is purely accidental:
That moment is nflseahawksofficialonline.com/Kevin_Norwood_Jersey_Seahawks terrifying, not just because the clown comes to life immediately afterward (thus inciting a boom in superheroes appearing at birthday parties instead of clowns that lasted for an entire generation), but because of the football poster over the little boy's bed. Here's a closer look:
Wait, is that a Rams helmet and a Buccaneers poster? He supports two terrible teams?
It says "1988 Super Bowl XXII." The poster is accurate in that Super Bowl XXII was in 1988, but it's weird that a little boy would choose to have that on his wall in a movie that was released in 1982. There's no indication throughout Poltergeist that any of it is supposed to take place in the future.
So what? They probably didn't want to deal with licensing from the NFL or something, right? It's not like something insanely coincidental and horrible happened six years later on the day of the Super Bowl in 1988.
No! That was a trick! Of course something happened. Remember that little girl in the clip you just watched?
Her name is Heather O'Rourke, and she essentially acts as the conduit between the poltergeists and the family in the first movie. In fact, you'd probably recognize her better like this:
The granddaughter of obligatory creepy children in horror movies.
Well on January 31, 1988, the day of the Super Bowl in San Diego, California, O'Rourke happened to be living in San Diego where she suddenly became violently ill. The very next day, she collapsed while getting ready to go to the hospital, and later that afternoon, she passed away. And just like that, the movie proved its prescience with one of the weirdest set decoration choices in horror movie history.
4. A Made for TV Movie Predicts Christopher Reeve's Paralysis
In May of 1995, a mediocre movie called Above Suspicion quietly premiered on HBO and then slipped into obscurity. It featured Christopher Reeve as a police officer who suffers from severe depression and encourages his wife and his brother to murder him in order to collect the insurance. So what could trigger that kind of depression? Well, that's the eerie part:
Christopher Reeve in a dressing gown?
Reeve's character is shot in the spine and confined to a wheelchair for the majority of the movie. Now this film was released on May 25. If for some reason you haven't committed the chronology of Christopher Reeve's life to memory, May 27 was the day he was paralyzed in a horseback riding accident. The movie where he plays a paraplegic was released just two days before his accident landed him in a wheelchair for the rest of his life.
In retrospect, his kryptonite back brace was a poor choice in riding attire.
Despite the movie never being in any danger of winning awards or even showing up in theaters, Reeve took the role seriously, preparing by spending a couple of days at a spinal cord trauma unit and learning what it's like to live life in a wheelchair. He even did interviews promoting the movie, stating, "A couple of days at the spinal cord trauma unit and you can see how easily it can happen."
Then, of course, it did happen almost immediately, though in the film, the big reveal is that Reeve was only pretending to be paralyzed to build an elaborate trap for his wife and brother, who were cheating on him behind his back. A pretty morally reprehensible move, even in the context of sibling adultery. Apparently karma thought so, too, but had a hard time differentiating between characters and the actors playing them.
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