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WASHINGTON WASHINGTON (AP) Thousands of parttime college professors are joining labor unions, a growing trend in higher education that's boosting the ranks of organized labor and giving voice to teachers who complain about low pay and a lack of job security at some of the nation's top universities.
Last month, adjuncts at Tufts became the latest to join the 2.1 millionmember Service Employees International Union, which has been aggressively targeting college instructors. Adjuncts at Georgetown formed a union with SEIU in May, and parttime instructors at nearby American University joined the union last year.
SEIU now represents more than 18,000 members at 10 colleges and universities, compared with 14,000 five years ago. The union is preparing to file for elections at more colleges in the Los Angeles, Seattle and Boston areas.
Adjunct professors now make up more than half of all college faculty nationwide; in the 1970s, about 70 percent of college instructors were tenured professors or on a track to tenure.
Unlike full professors, most adjuncts earn just a few thousand dollars per class, with scant benefits and little job security.
"What started out decades ago as a way to supplement experience on college campuses by using adjunct professors has flipped," said Malini Cadambi, SEIU's national director of higher education. He earns less than $23,000 a year teaching three classes at GWU. By contrast, a full professor at the university earns an average salary of $156,000 a year, according to data compiled by the American Association of University Professors.
Lornell says conditions have improved since GWU adjuncts formed a union in 2006 and won a contract two years later. Salaries are 20 percent higher, and the university now pays minimum rates of $3,500 or $4,030, per 3credit course, depending on the lecturer's degree. The university also now has to go through certain procedures before deciding not to bring an instructor back.
"There's no question it's because of the union contract," Lornell said.
Higher education has been a rare bright spot in labor organizing in recent years as union membership has dwindled to 11.3 percent of the overall workforce and 6.6 percent in the private sector.
The American Federation of Teachers has added more than 50,000 new members in higher education since 2000. The majority of that growth has come in "contingent faculty," a category that includes parttime adjuncts, graduate assistants and fulltime nontenured faculty.
"We've identified this as one area we're going to put significant resources into," said Craig Smith, AFT's director of higher education.
Unions say they are not seeing quite as much pushback from colleges as they do in many privatesector union campaigns.
At Georgetown, administrators at the Jesuit university decided to take a neutral position on the union vote. But there was more resistance at Bentley University in Boston, where SEIU lost a unionization wholesale jerseys vote this month, 10098.
"We made it clear in our statement and in communications with faculty that we do not feel it is necessary to unionize," Bentley spokeswoman Michele Walsh said. "We encouraged those faculty who agreed with this stance to vote accordingly."
Universities used to call on adjunct professors in mostly technical fields such as allied health, journalism or business to bring students more practical training. Many adjuncts still have fulltime jobs and teach a class on the side. But as tenuretrack positions decline, those who want to make teaching a fulltime career have to cobble together jobs at multiple colleges and universities to make ends meet.
Colleges are relying more on adjuncts to teach basic classes as cashstrapped state governments have reduced funding for public universities, said Adrianna Kezar, a professor of education at the University of Southern California who studies the role of adjunct faculty.
Private universities also are under pressure to Wholesale NFL Jerseys keep skyrocketing tuition levels down. Universities like the flexibility that adjuncts offer to deal with the uncertainty of predicting student enrollment.
A recent study showing median pay per course is about 25 percent higher on campuses where adjuncts have union representation. The report last year from the Coalition on the Academic Workforce, an advocacy group that seeks better working conditions for parttime faculty, found that median pay nationwide for teaching a standard threecredit course was about $2,700.
Bill Shimer, a parttime lecturer in management and organizational development at Northeastern University in Boston, said he never imagined being part of the union movement. But he has been rallying colleagues to support an upcoming vote on whether to form a union.
"It's not that people want to unionize, but we really don't see any other way. There's nowhere to turn and nobody is looking out for us," said Shimer, who teaches five classes at Northeastern and two at another local university.
The university has responded by hiring a prominent law firm used by many corporations to discourage union organizing. Northeastern's provost, Stephen Director, sent a letter last summer warning parttime faculty about the impact of "ceding your rights" to negotiate with the university to "an outside organization which is unfamiliar with our culture."
Kezar said critics of labor unions argue that they aren't always supportive of evaluations, which play an important role at many schools in the decision to rehire. Unions consider protecting teachers' interests first, and don't always consider student interests as strongly, she said.
Unions argue that having wellcompensated faculty with more training leads to better education for students.
Joliet Junior CollegeThe administration announced they'll limit adjuncts to teaching just six course hours per semester on all schedules beginning this summer, WBEZ reports.
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But former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney (R) has attempted to distance himself from the president and his legislation, denouncing a "one size fits all" approach and saying Obama was wrong to insist that all Americans would be able to keep their insurance plans.
Romney told NBC's David Gregory that the president "failed to learn the lessons that came from the experience in Massachusetts" during an interview on Sunday.
"Perhaps the most important lesson the president, I think, failed to learn was, you have to tell the American people the truth," Romney said. "And when he told the American people that you could keep your health insurance if you wanted to keep that plan, period, he said that time and again, he wasn't telling the truth."
Romney warned that the president's "dishonesty" is taking a toll on www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-barry-sanders-jersey-c-1.html his second term.
"The fact that the president sold it on a basis that was not true has undermined the foundation of his second term. I think it's rotting it away," Romney said. "We've got to have a president that can lead, and right now he's not able to do so."
NASCAR FriendsAt the Daytona 500 race, Mitt Romney's attempt to connect with voters went awry when he admitted that he didn't follow racing as closely as "some of the most ardent fans."
"But I have some friends who are NASCAR team owners," he added.
At the same event, he told a group of fans wearing plastic ponchos, "I like those fancy raincoats you bought. Really sprung for the big bucks."
Romney later defended the comment, saying, "Look, I have worn a garbage bag for rain gear myself."
Loving The Height Of Michigan's TreesRomney campaigned through Michigan ahead of the state's GOP primary in March, frequently making mention of its foliage.
Mitt Romney's last few Michigan stump speeches have included an unusual plank his appreciation for the apparently perfect height of the state's trees.
"I love this state," he told an audience Tuesday. "The trees are the right height."
On Friday afternoon, Romney reprised the comment, saying, "This feels good, being back in Michigan. You know, the trees are the right height."
Of course, those comments were just the latest examples of Romney professing his love for the Wolverine State's trees. For more, read the rest of the story.
Romney Likes Grits, Y'allAt a March stump speech in Mississippi, Romney explained www.lionsnflofficialonline.com/lions-calvin-johnson-jersey-c-3.html to primary voters that he had been making attempts to solidify his Southern credentials.
Campaigning in Mississippi on Wednesday, Mitt Romney attempted to win over local voters by invoking a beloved regional delicacy.
The former Massachusetts governor said during a speech in Pascagoula, Miss., that he is turning into an "unofficial Southerner." He also joked, "I'm learning to say 'y'all' and I like grits. Strange things are happening to me."
Packzi ProblemsRomney tried to connect with a Michigan crowd by providing 35 dozen paczkis, Polish jelly doughnuts traditionally eaten on Fat Tuesday, with flavors including strawberry, rosehip and prune.
But as The Washington Post reports, the gesture went awry:
The Comeback Kid walked out smiling, wearing a buttondown shirt and jeans.
And immediately messed something up.
"By the way, how was the paczkis this morning? Yeah, yeah! That was very good," Romney said. His message: We are not so different, you and I. We have both just eaten the same food! But then Romney began talking about the powdered sugar on the paczki.
There was no powdered sugar. The doughnuts were glazed and bare.
"Reminded me of what's going on outside," Romney said, comparing the falling snow to Youth Calvin Johnson Jersey a doughnut that people had not eaten. (Had he not really eaten one of the paczki, after all? Had Romney's campaign given the naked doughnuts to the crowd, while Romney was eating upgraded, sugardusted ones backstage?)
Passing out baked goods is apparently something of a Romney hallmark, per this pool report of his foisting Panera on reporters during a flight.
A Couple Of CadillacsMitt Romney tried to woo voters in Michigan when he offhandedly listed the American cars he and his wife lionsnflofficialonline.com owned, but may have instead ended up painting himself as out of touch.
"I like the fact that most of the cars I see are Detroitmade automobiles," Romney said during an economic policy address. "I drive a Mustang and a Chevy pickup truck. Ann drives a couple of Cadillacs actually. I used to have a Dodge pickup truck, so I used to have all three covered."
Ann Romney's SRXs, retail new for $35,485 to $54,525.
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Thanks guys, hope to hear back soon. I'll provide any other info needed. Love Tom's Hardware forums Peace and Love!
If I understand your situation, you should be able to get this to work.
The Realtek Azalia HD Soundcard cheapaggboots.co.uk supports Dolby Digital Live, which means is converts surround sound audio to Dolby 5.1 in real time and will output that via SPDIF Optical.
By default, the Realtek card outputs stereo over optical, so you have to enable Dolby Digital Live via the Realtek Audio Manager program. In your dealssales.weebly.com tray, go to Realtek Audio Manager > Digital Output (Optical) > Default Format > click the big Dolby Digital Live button under Default format.
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