From the 9th Century to the 11th Century, marauding Viking warriors laid waste to a broad swath of Europe, and in the process often took slaves for physical labor and sex. Now researchers from the University of Oslo in Norway say they've found new evidence suggesting that when their Viking masters died, slaves wholesale jerseys were beheaded and buried along with them.
Elise Naumann, an archaeologist at the university, and her colleagues reached this conclusion after analyzing the skeletal remains of 10 Vikingera bodies originally discovered decades ago in Flakstad, Norway. The researchers paid particular attention to graves that contained the remains of two or more bodies but only one head.
"We were curious about the Flakstad double burials," Naumann told The Huffington Post in an email. "They are poorly documented, and the definition of double burial was doubted at the time. It was thus strange that only one skull was retrieved from each double burial, but postcranial bones from two or three individuals."
To determine the relationship between those buried in the group graves, Naumann's team analyzed the bones of the headless skeletons Wholesale NFL Jerseys for nitrogen and carbon isotopes that can reveal dietary history, USA Today reported.
The analysis indicated that the people who left headless remains had subsisted on a diet noticeably different than the diets of the people who were buried with their heads intact. Researchers also tested the the skeletons' mitochondrial DNA and found the bodies were probably not related to each other.
The bottom line? According to Naumann, the findings suggest that the headless bodies belonged to slaves of low social status who were killed and given to their dead masters as grave gifts. This theory is based in large part on documented cases of Viking sacrifices from the past.
"Slave sacrifice (or slaves as grave gifts) is documented both archaeologically and in certain written sources," Naumann told HuffPost Science. "The most famous of the latter is the account of the Arabic traveler Ibn Fadlan, documenting a Viking Chieftain burial [in which] a young slave girl was selected to be killed and buried along with her master."
Jette Arneborg of the National Museum of Denmark told USA Today that it was wrong to read too much into the research, arguing it that "does not give an unequivocal answer on social status." But Naumann has stood by the research, saying that she hopes it will lead to more research on multiple graves from the Viking era.
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Barring a major upset, Spain will be defending its world title next summer in Brazil.
The Spanish (502), who also are the reigning European champions, need just a point from their home match against Georgia to secure top spot in Group I ahead of France (412).
Les Bleus must beat Finland (223) at home and hope Georgia (142) can pull off one of the biggest upsets in recent qualifying history for Spain to drop into the playoffs.
"They will play very defensively. But the truth is that while we often have trouble in those types of games, very few times do they escape us," said Spain striker Alvaro Negredo, whose team needed an 86thminute goal from Roberto Soldado to edge Georgia 10 in their first meeting.
The main questions for Spain are who will play at forward and in goal. Coach Vicente Del Bosque went with Michu to start Friday's 21 win over Belarus, but Negredo came in and scored the decisive goal. Victor Valdes started that game as Spain's goalkeeper, leaving captain Iker Casillas on the bench.
The Spain game will be played in Albacete, christian louboutin black high heels near playmaker Andres Iniesta's hometown.
It was and forever will be one of the most painful episodes in the history of England's national team.
In 1973, England needed to beat Poland at Wembley Stadium in its final World Cup qualifier to advance to the following year's tournament in West Germany, but could only draw 11 after an extraordinary goalkeeping performance from Poland's Jan Tomaszewski.
The same scenario presents itself 40 years later.
With secondplace Ukraine (513) expected to defeat San Marino in its last group game, England (504) likely will have to beat the alreadyeliminated Poles (324) to win Group H and avoid the playoffs.
"I think they'll want to come here and win the game, get another good result, just like they did in '73, so we're going to be prepared for the very best Poland they can be," England coach Roy Hodgson christian louboutin evening shoes said.
Poland is 06 at England and hasn't won in 15 games against the Three Lions.
A WORLD CUP WITHOUT CRISTIANO RONALDO?
Portugal and Cristiano Ronaldo are still unsure of a World Cup berth.
Russia (72) leads Group F by three points over the Portuguese (513), so a Russian win or draw at Azerbaijan (135) would leave Portugal with a playoff berth no matter its result at home against Luxembourg (153).
"We have no feeling of euphoria because we have not qualified yet," Russia defender Dmitry Kombarov said.
After tying at home against Northern Ireland and failing to beat Israel home or away, the Portuguese probably will be in the playoffs for the third straight tournament, They beat BosniaHerzegovina in playoffs to reach the 2010 World Cup and the 2012 European Championship.
Ronaldo is suspended for Tuesday's game for yellowcard accumulation after receiving a caution in the 90th replica christian louboutin flats minute Friday against Israel
BOSNIAHERZEGOVINA ON VERGE OF FIRST MAJOR TOURNAMENT
Since gaining independence in 1992, BosniaHerzegovina hasn't qualified for a major tournament despite those near misses in the playoffs against Portugal.
Bosnia and Greece are both 711 in Group G, but Bosnia has a plus23 goal difference to Greece's plus6 and would clinch with a win at Lithuania (342). Bosnia's Edin Dzeko has 10 goals in qualifying, one behind European leader Robin van Persie of the Netherlands. Bosnia coach Safet Susic was part of the Yugoslavia team that lost to Argentina on penalty kicks in the 1990 World Cup quarterfinals in 1990.
It's likely Portugal, France and Ukraine will be joining Sweden and Croatia in the playoffs on Nov. 15 and 19.
In Group B, four teams could mathematically finish second, although Bulgaria (324) is favored if it beats the Czech Republic (333) at home. Thirdplace Denmark is even on points with Bulgaria, but trails by seven on goal difference going into its home match against Malta (18). As of now, the Group B secondplace team is the likely one to miss the playoffs.
In Group D, Turkey and Romania are both 531 and second to the Netherlands. Turkey is ahead by four in goal difference but finishes at home against the Dutch (801). Romania is home against Estonia (261).
In Group E, Iceland (531) has a onepoint lead over Slovenia (54) for second behind Switzerland. Iceland is at Norway (342) and Slovenia travels to Switzerland.
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Bibliography of Ray Bourque Authentic Jersey Geology of the Barton and Hordle Cliffs
Apart from a bibliographic listing, this is also for references used in the Highcliffe, and Hordle Cliffs webpages. Thus some papers listed here do not refer directly to the area, but may be used for comparison or other purposes. There are a few papers on the adjacent coast of Mudeford and Hengistbury Head, but this area is not covered thoroughly in the present bibliography. 1994. Changes in the composition of gastropds in West Eurasian seas at the Eocene Oligocene boundary. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 1, 16 26. Jan March, 1994. Language Russian. Abstract: Analysis of ian, Priabonian and Rupelian marine gastropod assemblages of Europe and Western Asia confirms the fact that the Eocene Oligocene boundary was a moment of quick cooling. But it was only an episode in the process of cooling which
had begun earlier. In northern seas faunal changes were much more essential than in the Tethys. [Russian publication relevant to ian faunas]. Undated (probably 1970s or 80s). New Milton and on Sea; Official Guide. (old copy days of Cavalier and Mini cars). 68pp. With a section on the history of New Milton and its surrounding area.Undated (circa 1980). Coastal Erosion at on Sea. Exercises for students with many newspaper cuttings from the 1970s, mostly from the Southern Evening Echo, Southampton Edition. 38 pp, A4 in ring binder. Excellent compilation together with many stimulating questions on sea defence, environmental and planning matters regarding . It includes a predicted 50 year ahead cliff line. The source of this student manual is not known. Any information on it would be appreciated.1978. Today in the South; on Sea. Southern Evening Echo. Southampton, 90th year, No. 27 ?. Warning notices have been put up because of cliff falls and danger of further slips. Footpaths have collapsed and at on Sea Golf Club, where the clifftop second green has had to be abandonned, the fourth green is now threatened. [end of short article].1981. Cliff work delayed by cash snag. Southern Evening Echo, Newspaper 27 Feb. 1981. "Further work to stabilise the eroded cliffs at on sea has been hit by the lack of a Government grant. A scheme costing ?4,000 at today's prices is now to be put back a year, when it is hoped Environment Department cash will be available. In the meantime, New Forest Council's Environmental Services Committee has approved stengthening work to a groyne at an estimated expense of ?,500, which will have to be met from revenue expenses".1982a. History buried in clay. Southern Evening Echo. [probably Friday, December 10, 1982]. What is so special about 's fossils? Forty million years ago the cliffs formed the floor of a predecessor of the Channel, explains Dr West of Southampton University's Geology Department. The clay has beautifully preserved more than 500 species of shell. Remains of corals, ray fish, crocodiles, whales, giant fan shells, turtles, crabs and sea urchins are to be found specimens typical of a warmer climate similar to Japan or Australia. The specimens are of such quality Dr West sees the cliffs as a kind of reference book for the period 40 million years ago. Where other scientists turn to books for help, geologists use formations like the Cliffs as their reference. "The sequence of fossils is the most diverse and abundant assemblage of fossils of this age anywhere in Europe" says NCC geologist, Dr Keith Duff. Some geologists claim Darwin might never have developed his theory of evolution if it had not been for 's fossils. His teacher was Charles from Cadnam who studied the fossils intensively. [end of article].1982b. Cliff fall fear grows. Southern Evening Echo, Friday, September 10, 1982, p. 49. Extracts: 's district councillor, Mr. Eddie Nabney, has expressed concern that there might have to be a major cliff fall before work can go ahead on sea defences along his local coastline. Officers at a meeting of the Environmental Services Committee told Mr. Nabney that it was likely to be 1984 or 1985 before work began on three new strongpoints and cliff stabilisation of land west of Chewton Bunny. But Mr Nabney had sharp words for geologists too. They should realise that people's properties had to be protected. They themselves could causing damage and erosion. Hammering away at the foot of cliffs could not be doing any good, he said.2004. Paths closed after
cliff moves. Lymington Times, no. 3747, Saturday, January 24th, 2004. p.1.
Nearly a quarter of a mile of the coastal path at on Sea has been closed by the council to protect the public. Exceptionally heavy rainfall in the last few months had created further cliff movement in an area which was already notorious for the speed with which it was eroding, said New Forest District Council. The closures affect the upper and lower tracks between the Sea Road access and Hoskins Gap to the east, a distance of approximately 400m.
The rain gauge at Naish Holiday Village recorded 84mm Terry O'Reilly Womens Jersey of rain in October, 147mm in November and
118mm in December. Evidence of further cliff movement I at had been detected last week and existing tension cracks had widened at the bottom of the Sea Road access. Mudslides had also covered the lower access tracks with soft clay and mud. Signs have been placed at various locations to advise members of the: public not to use the closed sections of the footpath or walk over cliff slopes because of the current levels of instability.
"It is vital that people obey the notices and do not take any unnecessary risks," said Coun. Michael I Thierry, New Forest District Council's portfolio holder for environment. : "We have put up the fences for the time being in order to protect mem I bers of the public from a very real threat to their Terry O'Reilly Youth Jersey safety. There are many people who visit cliffs who are not familiar with the territory and do not have local knowledge. We hope
that everyone will understand the reasons for those closures and that they will act responsibly to protect themselves and other users. "The council's coastal protection team will continue to monitor the situation and revise the access track closures when it is considered appropriate."1984. Clifftop land purchase order to be enforced. Christchurch Advertiser, 2 February, 1984. Christchurch Council has voted to go ahead with a compulsory purchase order on clifftop land at Highcliffe so urgent coast protection work can be undertaken. The order was urged on the council's works committee following the breakdown of talks with landowners to buy some 650 yards of the clifftop from Highcliffe Castle to Culmore Steps. In November the committee reluctantly shelved its plans for the half million pound cliff protection scheme, insisting that the project was not viable if the council did not own all the land. But a petition from the anxious residents of flats in Arundel Way nearest to the crumbling cliff edge prompted the committee to think again and press for compulsory purchase. Main feature of the stabilisation work is to sink a diaphragm wall into the clifftop to prevent water running down the cliff face causing erosion.2007False earthquake alert sparked by cliff crack. Lymington Times (Newspaper), No. 3919, Saturday, May 5th, 2007, page 1 and continued on page 3. The alarm was raised on Saturday morning by a member of the public, evidently not familiar with area's crumbling cliffs, who saw the crack after hearing about the tremor in Dover.
The police soon arrived in four marked cars accompanied by an ambulance and paramedics. They cordoned off part of the road and access to beach huts until it was found that there was nothing amiss. Later in the morning they removed road restrictions and allowed access to the huts.
Inspections later carried out on the site by several groups of experts confirmed that the cliff crack had not suddenly emerged at the weekend and also quashed rumours of any possible link to the Kent earthquake. There was no crack in the road as had also been reported.
The Maritime and Ray Bourque Kids Jersey Coastguard Agency had originally said it was "too coincidental" to ignore links between the Kent quake and the crack, but (BGS) experts who investigated the area on Tuesday said a "mountain had been made out of a molehill".
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In this Oct. 23, 2013 photo, biologist Mario Moscatelli takes photographs from trash floating on the polluted waters of the Canal do Fundao in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Moscatelli, who oversees the reforestation of mangrove forests along the bay, said he fears that even if the bay is cleaned up, the state will let it deteriorate after all the athletes have gone home. Rio de Janeiro will host the 2016 Olympic Games.Photo: Felipe Dana, APIn this Oct. 23, 2013 photo, biologist Mario Moscatelli takes. Wednesday, Nov. 20, 2013. Five of the seven pups released pups have been equipped with satellite transmitters that will provide the aquarium's Marine Mammal Rescue Centre with information about where the seals go and how they do after returning to the wild. The satellite linked tags are glued to the seal's hair coat on the animals' heads, and may last anywhere from a couple of weeks to a year.Photo: Jonathan Hayward, APA rehabilitated harbour seal pup equipped with satellite tag on its. by the Vancouver Aquarium, Wednesday, Nov. 20, 2013. Five of the seven pups released pups have been equipped with satellite transmitters that will provide the aquarium's Marine Mammal Rescue Centre with information about where the seals go and how they do after returning to the wild. The satellite linked tags are glued to the seal's hair coat on the animals' heads, and may last anywhere from a couple of weeks to a year.Photo: Jonathan Hayward, APA rehabilitated harbour seal pup equipped with satellite tag on its. by the Vancouver Aquarium, Zdeno Chara Jersey Wednesday, Nov. 20, 2013. Five of the seven pups released pups have been equipped with satellite transmitters that will provide the aquarium's Marine Mammal Rescue Centre with information about where the seals go and how they do after returning to the wild. The Johnny Boychuk Kids Jersey satellite linked tags are glued to the seal's hair coat on the animals' heads, and may last anywhere from a couple of weeks to a year.Photo: Jonathan Hayward, APRehabilitated harbour seal pups equipped with satellite tags on. Ambassador to Britain, in London, Sunday, Nov. 24, 2013. Kerry, arrived in the UK following two days of negotiations in Geneva to forge an agreement between the United States and five other nations with Iran over its nuclear programme. Secretary of State John Kerry, right, shakes hands with Libya.Gyanraj Rai, center, aged 55, a retired Gurkha warrant officer from the British military takes part in the 15th day of his hunger strike opposite the entrance to Downing Street in London, Thursday, Nov. 21, 2013. His hunger strike is in demand of equal pension rights in line with the rest of the military as many Gurkhas who retired before 1997 get about a third of the pension received by British former soldiers.Photo: Matt Dunham, APGyanraj Rai, center, aged 55, a retired Gurkha warrant officer from.This undated artist rendering provided by The Field Museum shows a newly discovered dinosaur named Siats meekerorum. Researchers at The Field Museum, the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, and North Carolina State University discovered the giant predatory dinosaur that walked the Earth approximately 100 million years ago, in the Cedar Mountain Formation in Utah. The new dinosaur is the first of its kind to be discovered in North America. The study appears in the Nov. 22, 2013 issue of Nature Communications.
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Digvijay puts onus on Home Ministry
AICC general secretary in charge of Brad Marchand Womens Jersey Andhra Pradesh, Digvijay Singh on Tuesday said that it was for the Union Home Ministry to take a call on whether Telangana resolution or a draft Bill should be sent to the State legislature.
all depends on the Home Ministry. After all, they should decide looking into the precedents, legal requirements and constitutional provisions under which the new State is being created, www.officialhockeyauthentic.com/womens-youth-brad-marchand-authentic-jersey-c-1_17_36.html he told media persons in Delhi. By once again keeping the options open, Mr. Singh has only added confusion that began ten days ago when Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy took up the issue of statements by him ( Mr. Singh) and the Union Home Minister, S. K. Shinde, with the high command.
Seemandhra Congress leaders too have been pointing out how Mr. Singh spoke in turns, about Telangana resolution a day, a draft Bill on the other day and then on the third day, says he needs Shawn Thornton Youth Jersey to get the issue clarified from the Home Ministry seeking an appointment with Mr. Shinde.
But is it resolution or the draft Bill? There is no clarity yet as Mr. Shinde had stuck to his stand that what is being sent to the Assembly is a draft Bill. During his monthly briefing he had said that the Bill is being prepared based on the recommendations and suggestions from the Group of Ministers. It is then approved by the Union Cabinet and sent to the President with its recommendation that it be referred to the State legislature for its views to be submitted in 30 days.
Yet several days after Mr. Shinde assertion, Mr. Singh had been harping on resolution leaving the Chief Minister and the people of the State confused. AICC spokesman Sandeep Dixit too took Mr. Shinde line on Monday when he spoke of the preparation of draft Bill solely based on the Shawn Thornton Kids Jersey report of the GoM. Reacting to Mr. Kiran Reddy contention that he would stop cyclone, he went on to say that no Chief Minister had the power to stop creation of a new State as it was the exclusive prerogative of Parliament.
Following such contrasting views, Mr. Kiran Reddy confronted Mr. Singh directly on October 11. He reminded him that it was on his assurance of resolution coming before the Assembly twice that he was able to convince the Seemandhra employees to call off their strike. Supporters of Mr. Reddy even attributed his strident posturing of late to the way the high command has let him and the people down by sending conflicting signals. What is the point in sending a resolution by the centre to the assembly in the face of such repeated assertions.? Any resolution is not mandatory in this context Voted or vetoed,a resolution cannot extinguish the power of central government in creating a new state.
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